Boston Massachusetts History
The New England Patriots have been the Boston football team since the team played in the suburb of Foxboro in 1971. The Patriots are very popular in New Hampshire and very popular in the rest of the country.
Originally called Tremontaine because it had three hills in the area, in 1630 the Puritans changed the name of the settlement to Boston because many of them were from Lincolnshire in England. At 4.30 p.m. the new settlement was named after the many settlers who had come from Boston and England, as well as the city of Boston.
Massachusetts became home to a growing group of patriots from all colonies who wanted freedom from England. Although these "patriots" were found in all 13 colonies, they were more numerous in the city of Boston.
From 1856, the Boston Post Road connected the city with the rest of the United States via the New England Railroad. Boston's first horse-drawn wagon railway, the Boston Railway Company, operated from 1855 to 1857, dodging the grooves of Boston's streets to carry more passengers.
Of course, the first three battles of the revolution took place in Boston, and the blockade led to what is known as the "Siege of Boston," in which British colonists participated for a year - a long occupation. These included the Battle of Lexington and Concord, as well as a series of skirmishes in the South End and along the Boston River.
The British army retreated to Boston, the colonists surrounded the gates of the city and blockaded it. Congress sent General George Washington to take command, and militia units from across New England joined forces to defend Boston.
More Puritans migrated to England, and the number of colonies in Massachusetts multiplied. It was a year of banners for Boston: the city opened the country's first subway system, the Boston Marathon, opened its first public library, the first post office in the United States, and hosted one of the largest public schools in the world. England really influenced trade, livelihoods and business in Boston's colonies. As a result, it was by far the most homogeneous of all British colonies, but there was little difference between it and New England as a whole.
For most of the 17th century, Massachusetts consisted of two colonies: the Old Colony of Plymouth, founded in 1620, and the Massachusetts Bay Colony, founded between 1629 and 1630, and Maine, incorporated in 1668. In 1691, a new charter was issued, uniting all into a single colony, enclosing the province of Massachusetts in the bay and subordinating it to a royal governor.
Massachusetts Bay was chartered by King William and Queen Mary in 1691 and included all of New England, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and parts of Connecticut, Connecticut and New York.
The Puritans decided to settle in the New World and in 1629 they signed the Cambridge Agreement in England, which eventually established a self-governing colony. The Puritan leaders first sent the Ulster Irish to places where they settled, such as the Bay Colony, but they used this omission as an excuse to move the company and its members to New England to establish a religious community there, which they called a "sacred community," also known as the colonies in the Bay of Massachusetts.
As the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Company, Boston became home to more than 1,000 Puritans who had fled religious and political persecution in Europe. Initially, there were staff who worked in Boston and New England for five or seven years before becoming independent.
Descendants of older Boston families became part of a social and cultural elite called Boston Brahmins, and after the American Revolution the city became one of the most important cities on the US East Coast. Other famous names often ousted from Boston and the Massachusetts Bay Colony were Anne Hutchinson and Mary Dyer. The first was the preacher's daughter, who emigrated to Boston with her husband, John Cotton. In 1634 she followed her mentor Johnotton to the colony of Massachusetts Bay and built a house in what is now downtown Boston, then in 1635 she built another house on the Shawmut Peninsula. Winthrop was invited by Blackstone to live on the Shawbrook Peninsula, but he didn't leave because he was attending Cambridge University, which he had attended in England.
Pierce - Hichborn House is located next door, a short walk from the Boston Inn, and visitors regularly greet Bostonians around the American Revolution at the entrance. Boston is also home to several conservatories and art schools, including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the University of Massachusetts at Boston (UMass). There are several museums in the city, including the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston College, Harvard University and Harvard Medical School.
Boston's reputation as the "Athens of America" stems in large part from the more than 100 colleges and universities in the Boston area, and from the fact that more than 250,000 students attend college in Boston and Cambridge alone. Historic sites recommend Harvard University, home to one of the most prestigious universities in the world, Harvard Medical School. The University of Massachusetts football team, the Boston Red Sox, has won the first championship in the history of US college football.